National flag - Flag of Qatar

National flag  >  Flag of Qatar

Flag of Qatar

The national flag of Qatar (علم قطر) is in the ratio of 11:28. It is maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side. It was adopted shortly before the country's declaration of independence from Britain on 3 September 1971.

The flag is very similar to the flag of the neighbouring country Bahrain, which has fewer points, a 3:5 proportion, and a red colour instead of maroon. Qatar's flag is the only national flag having a width more than twice its height.

Qatar's historic flag was plain red, in correspondence with the red banner traditionally used by the Kharjite Muslims. In the 19th century, the country modified its entirely red flag with the addition of a white vertical stripe at the hoist to suit the British directive. After this addition, Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani officially adopted a patterned purple-red and white flag which bore a strong resemblance to its modern derivative. Several additions were made to the Qatari flag in 1932, with the nine-pointed serrated edge, diamonds and the word "Qatar" being integrated in its design. The maroon colour was standardised in 1949. In the 1960s, Sheikh Ali Al Thani removed the wording and diamonds from the flag. The flag was officially adopted on 9 July 1971 and was virtually identical to the 1960s flag, with the exception of the height-to-width proportion.

Nine serrated edges separate the coloured and white portions. They signify Qatar's inclusion as the 9th member of the 'reconciled Emirates' of the Persian Gulf at the conclusion of the Qatari-British treaty in 1916.

In 2015, the Qatari government defined the exact shade of the Qatari flag as Pantone 1955 C, or 'Qatar maroon'. The history of purple dye in the country dates back several centuries. It has been asserted that Qatar was the site of the earliest known production of shellfish dye during the rule of the Kassites due to the presence of a purple dye industry on Al Khor Islands. Qatar was also known for its production of purple dye during the rule of the Sasanian Empire. Mohammed bin Thani, who ruled from 1847 to 1876, proposed the creation a flag with a purple-red colour in order to unify the state, and to highlight its historic role in the production of dye. In 1932, the British Navy suggested an official flag should be designed. They proposed that the flag be white and red, but Qatar rejected the red colouring and continued using a mixture of purple and red instead. Due to the country's subtropical desert climate, the flag's colours were prone to being tinted darker by the sun, which resulted in the eventual adoption of a maroon colouring in 1949. The white portion of the flag symbolizes the peace procured from signing anti-piracy treaties with the British.

National flag 
Flag of Qatar

Country - Qatar

Qatar (,, or ; قطر ' ; local vernacular pronunciation: ), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر '), is a country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Whether the sovereign state should be regarded as a constitutional or an absolute monarchy is disputed. Its sole land border is with neighbouring Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. An arm of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby Bahrain.

In early 2017, Qatar's total population was 2.6 million: 313,000 Qatari citizens and 2.3 million expatriates. Islam is the official religion of Qatar. The country has the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar is classified by the UN as a country of very high human development and is widely regarded as the most advanced Arab state for human development. Qatar is a high-income economy, backed by the world's third-largest natural gas reserves and oil reserves.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Saudi Arabia 

Language

Flag of Qatar (English)  Bandiera del Qatar (Italiano)  Vlag van Qatar (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Qatar (Français)  Flagge Katars (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Catar (Português)  Флаг Катара (Русский)  Bandera de Catar (Español)  Flaga Kataru (Polski)  卡塔尔国旗 (中文)  Qatars flagga (Svenska)  カタールの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Катару (Українська)  Национално знаме на Катар (Български)  카타르의 국기 (한국어)  Qatarin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Qatar (Bahasa Indonesia)  Kataro vėliava (Lietuvių)  Qatars flag (Dansk)  Katarská vlajka (Česky)  Katar bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Катара (Српски / Srpski)  Katari lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Kataru (Slovenčina)  Katar zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Katara (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติกาตาร์ (ไทย)  Σημαία του Κατάρ (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Qatar (Tiếng Việt) 
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