National flag - Flag of San Marino

National flag  >  Flag of San Marino

Flag of San Marino

The state and war flag of San Marino is formed by two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) with a closed crown on top, flanked by an oak and laurel wreath, with a scroll below bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty). The two colors of the flag represent peace (white) and liberty (azure).

Although the Law on the flag and coat of arms of San Marino from 2011 refers only to the "official flag" of the republic, a de facto civil flag, which omits the coat of arms, can sometimes be seen flying. Some official sources of San Marino suggest that the civil flag is actually the bicolor with the coat of arms of the specific city it is used in, instead of the national one.

The national ensign of San Marino is identical to the state flag.

The oldest attested flag of the republic dates back from 4 September 1465, when it was commissioned from a manufacturer in Florence. It showed a horizontal tricolor of orange, white and purple, with the old emblem of San Marino depicted on the white stripe. It is not known how long it remained the state flag of the republic or when the white-blue bicolor appeared. In 1797, most likely influenced by the wave of reforms in France, the Supreme Council of the Republic commissioned a white and blue cockade, which, coincidentally or not, was identical to the one used by the French revolutionaries.

The current flag was adopted on 6 April 1862 by a Decree of the Supreme Council and since then, little but graphic details of the coat of arms and some proportions were changed.

The official proportion of the flag is 3:4, the coat of arms' width being 3⁄8 of the flag's length. While the arms are horizontally centered, their vertical position on the flag is defined by the location of the center of the cross on top of the crown: at 1⁄8 of the flag's length. The proportion of the coat of arms is 5:6.

A 2:3 proportion can be used internationally and/or when specifically requested. In this case, the coat of arms' width is 1⁄3 of the flag's length, and the center of the cross on the top of the crown will be at 1⁄6 of the flag's height below the upper edge.

The colors of the flag are officially prescribed as follows:

* Coat of arms of San Marino

* The Three Towers of San Marino
National flag 
Flag of San Marino

Country - San Marino

San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino (Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains. Its size is just over 61 sqkm, with a population of 33,562. Its capital is the City of San Marino and its largest settlement is Dogana in the municipality of Serravalle. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe. With Italian being the official language, along with strong financial and ethno-cultural connections, San Marino maintains close ties to its much larger neighbour; it is located close to the riviera of Rimini, one of Italy's main coastal resort areas.

The country derives its name literally from Saint Marinus, a stonemason originating from the Roman colony on the island of Rab, in modern-day Croatia. In AD 257, Marinus, according to legend, participated in the reconstruction of Rimini's city walls after their destruction by Liburnian pirates. Marinus then went on to found an independent monastic community on Monte Titano in AD 301; thus, San Marino lays claim to be the oldest extant sovereign state as well as the oldest constitutional republic.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Italy 

Language

Flag of San Marino (English)  Bandiera di San Marino (Italiano)  Vlag van San Marino (Nederlands)  Drapeau de Saint-Marin (Français)  Flagge San Marinos (Deutsch)  Bandeira de San Marino (Português)  Флаг Сан-Марино (Русский)  Bandera de San Marino (Español)  Flaga San Marino (Polski)  聖馬力諾國旗 (中文)  San Marinos flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Republicii San Marino (Română)  サンマリノの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Сан-Марино (Українська)  Национално знаме на Сан Марино (Български)  산마리노의 국기 (한국어)  San Marinon lippu (Suomi)  Bendera San Marino (Bahasa Indonesia)  San Marino vėliava (Lietuvių)  San Marinos flag (Dansk)  Sanmarinská vlajka (Česky)  San Marino bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Сан Марина (Српски / Srpski)  San Marino lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka San Marína (Slovenčina)  San Marino zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava San Marina (Hrvatski)  Σημαία του Αγίου Μαρίνου (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ San Marino (Tiếng Việt) 
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