National flag - Flag of Sierra Leone

National flag  >  Flag of Sierra Leone

Flag of Sierra Leone

The national flag of Sierra Leone is a tricolour consisting of three horizontal green, white and blue bands. It was adopted in 1961, Sierra Leone's independence year, to replace the British Blue Ensign defaced with the arms of the Crown Colony of Sierra Leone.

The British first arrived in what is now modern-day Sierra Leone in 1787, when philanthropists and abolitionists acquired 52 sqkm of land situated close to Bunce Island for freed slaves. The site of the settlement is where Freetown is now located. It became a crown colony of the United Kingdom within its colonial empire in 1808, Colony of Sierra Leone. Under colonial rule, Sierra Leone used the British Blue Ensign and defaced it with the arms of the territory. The emblem of Sierra Leone at the time consisted of a circle depicting an elephant, an oil palm tree and mountains, along with the letters "S.L." standing for the initials of the territory's name. Other than the initials, the rest of the emblem's design was identical to the colonial arms of the Gold Coast, The Gambia and the Lagos Colony. Sierra Leone was granted its own unique coat of arms in 1914, and the emblem on the Blue Ensign was modified to reflect this change.

In 1960, the College of Arms formulated and then approved of a new flag and coat of arms for Sierra Leone, in anticipation of the colony's independence the following year. The arms was designed first, and its predominant colours of green, white, and blue were subsequently utilized towards the creation of the flag. It was first hoisted at midnight on 27 April 1961, the day Sierra Leone became an independent country. Two years later, the government passed a law making it illegal to "insult" the country's flag, along with the flags of "friendly" nations.

The colours of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The green alludes to the country's natural resources – specifically agriculture and its mountains. – while the white epitomizes "unity and justice". The blue evokes the "natural harbour" of Freetown, the capital city of Sierra Leone, as well as the hope of "contributing to world peace" through its usage.

The flag is very similar to that of the official flag of Galápagos Province, Ecuador. The difference between the flags are very insignificant, with Sierra Leone's one having a lighter blue and green than that of the Galápagos Province.

The Sierra Leonean flag is utilized as a flag of convenience by foreign merchant vessels. The "minimum enforcement" of admiralty law on such vessels has led to illegal and suspicious activity. This includes unlawful fishing, as well as the usage of the flag on vessels from countries under United Nations sanctions.

As a result, the Sierra Leonean government has taken measures to curtail registrations related to the practice of flag of convenience. In 2010, they stopped allowing fishing vessels to register in order to stymie unauthorized catches within both its domestic waters and in international seas. Two years later, they removed 10 ships from its registry believed to be from Iran. This followed the seizure of a ship in Lebanon that was carrying weapons for Syria and was purportedly flying the flag of Sierra Leone.

In 2015, following the establishment of their International Ship Registry (SLMARAD) which developed various mechanisms, such as due diligence procedure, FSIs etc., and through the ratification of major IMO and ILO Conventions and implementation of such in their Domestic law, Sierra Leone Flag managed to successfully eliminate such incidents.

National flag 
Flag of Sierra Leone

Country - Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone (, UK also ), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, informally Salone, is a country on the southwest coast of West Africa. It has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests. The country has a total area of 71740 km2 and a population of 7,075,641 as of the 2015 census. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. The country's capital and largest city is Freetown. Sierra Leone is made up of five administrative regions: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These regions are subdivided into sixteen districts.

Sierra Leone was a British Crown Colony from 1808 to 1961. Sierra Leone became independent from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, led by Sir Milton Margai, who became the country's first prime minister. In May 1962, Sierra Leone held its first general elections as an independent nation. On 19 April 1971, Siaka Stevens' government abolished Sierra Leone's parliamentary government system and declared Sierra Leone a presidential republic. From 1978 to 1985, Sierra Leone was a one-party state in which Stevens' APC was the only legal political party in the country. The current constitution of Sierra Leone, which includes multiparty democracy, was adopted in 1991 by the government of President Joseph Saidu Momoh, Stevens' hand-picked successor. On 23 March 1991, a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front led by a former Sierra Leone army officer Foday Sankoh launched an eleven-year brutal civil war in the country, in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Sierra Leone government.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Guinea 
  •  Liberia 

Language

Flag of Sierra Leone (English)  Bandiera della Sierra Leone (Italiano)  Vlag van Sierra Leone (Nederlands)  Drapeau de Sierra Leone (Français)  Flagge Sierra Leones (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Serra Leoa (Português)  Флаг Сьерра-Леоне (Русский)  Bandera de Sierra Leona (Español)  Flaga Sierra Leone (Polski)  塞拉利昂国旗 (中文)  Sierra Leones flagga (Svenska)  シエラレオネの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Сьєрра-Леоне (Українська)  Национално знаме на Сиера Леоне (Български)  시에라리온의 국기 (한국어)  Sierra Leonen lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Sierra Leone (Bahasa Indonesia)  Siera Leonės vėliava (Lietuvių)  Sierra Leones flag (Dansk)  Vlajka Sierry Leone (Česky)  Sierra Leone bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Сијера Леонеа (Српски / Srpski)  Sierra Leone lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Sierra Leone (Slovenčina)  Sierra Leone zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Sijera Leonea (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติเซียร์ราลีโอน (ไทย)  Sjerraleones karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Σιέρα Λεόνε (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Sierra Leone (Tiếng Việt) 
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