National flag - Flag of Slovakia

National flag  >  Flag of Slovakia

Flag of Slovakia

The current form of the national flag of Slovakia (Vlajka Slovenska) was adopted by Slovakia's Constitution, which came into force on 3 September 1992. The flag, in common with other Slavic nations, uses the colors white, blue, and red.

Slovakia's flag in its current form (but with another coat of arms on it or without any arms) can be dated back to the revolutionary year 1848 (see: The Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas). It was also used semi-officially in Czechoslovakia before World War II, by the Slovak Republic during World War II.

In 1990, the Interior Ministry tasked Ladislav Čisárik, a painter and heraldic artist, and Ladislav Vrtel, an expert in heraldry, with creating a new coat of arms and national flag. Čisárik and Vrtel based their designs for a modern coat of arms and flag on an existing 14th Century coat of arms. However, Čisárik and Vrtel chose to enlarge the double cross three times to emphasize it as a national symbol. In addition to the national coat of arms and the national flag, the duo also designed a new presidential standard, which incorporates the double cross as well.

The new flag was finally adopted (initially without Čisárik's and Vrtel's coat of arms) on 1 March 1990 as the flag of the Slovak Republic within Czechoslovakia. The coat of arms was added on 3 September 1992 and a special law describing the details of the flag followed in February 1993.

Since the Slovak flag without the coat of arms is identical to the current flag of the Russian Federation, and can also be compared to the modern flag of Slovenia, the Constitution of Slovakia added the national coat of arms in September 1992.

National flag 
Flag of Slovakia

Country - Slovakia

Slovakia ( Slovensko ), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika, ), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the west, and the Czech Republic to the northwest. Slovakia's territory spans about 49000 km2 and is mostly mountainous. The population is over 5.4 million and consists mostly of Slovaks. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, and the second largest city is Košice. The official language is Slovak.

The Slavs arrived in the territory of present-day Slovakia in the 5th and 6th centuries. In the 7th century, they played a significant role in the creation of Samo's Empire and in the 9th century established the Principality of Nitra, which was later conquered by the Principality of Moravia to establish Great Moravia. In the 10th century, after the dissolution of Great Moravia, the territory was integrated into the Principality of Hungary, which would become the Kingdom of Hungary in 1000. In 1241 and 1242, much of the territory was destroyed by the Mongols during their invasion of Central and Eastern Europe. The area was recovered largely thanks to Béla IV of Hungary who also settled Germans which became an important ethnic group in the area, especially in what are today parts of central and eastern Slovakia. After World War I and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Czechoslovak National Council established Czechoslovakia (1918–1939). A separate (First) Slovak Republic (1939–1945) existed during World War II as a totalitarian, clero-fascist one-party client state of Nazi Germany. At the end of World War II, Czechoslovakia was re-established as an independent country. A coup in 1948 ushered in a totalitarian one-party state under the Communist regime during whose rule the country existed as a satellite of the Soviet Union. Attempts for liberalization of communism in Czechoslovakia culminated in the Prague Spring, which was crushed by the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968. In 1989, the Velvet Revolution ended the Communist rule in Czechoslovakia peacefully. Slovakia became an independent state on 1 January 1993 after the peaceful dissolution of Czechoslovakia, sometimes known as the Velvet Divorce.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Austria 
  •  Czech Republic 
  •  Hungary 
  •  Poland 
  •  Ukraine 

Language

Flag of Slovakia (English)  Bandiera della Slovacchia (Italiano)  Vlag van Slowakije (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Slovaquie (Français)  Flagge der Slowakei (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Eslováquia (Português)  Флаг Словакии (Русский)  Bandera de Eslovaquia (Español)  Flaga Słowacji (Polski)  斯洛伐克国旗 (中文)  Slovakiens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Slovaciei (Română)  スロバキアの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Словаччини (Українська)  Национално знаме на Словакия (Български)  슬로바키아의 국기 (한국어)  Slovakian lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Slowakia (Bahasa Indonesia)  Slovakijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Slovakiets flag (Dansk)  Slovenská vlajka (Česky)  Slovakya bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Словачке (Српски / Srpski)  Slovakkia lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Slovenska (Slovenčina)  Szlovákia zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Slovačke (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติสโลวาเกีย (ไทย)  Σημαία της Σλοβακίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Slovakia (Tiếng Việt) 
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