National flag - Flag of Slovenia

National flag  >  Flag of Slovenia

Flag of Slovenia

The national flag of Slovenia features three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, with the Slovenian coat of arms located in the upper hoist side of the flag centred in the white and blue bands. The coat of arms is a shield with the image of Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the centre; beneath it are two wavy blue lines representing the Adriatic Sea and local rivers, and above it are three six-pointed golden stars arranged in an inverted triangle which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovenian dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries.

The flag's colours are considered to be Pan-Slavic, but they actually come from the medieval coat of arms of the Duchy of Carniola, consisting of a blue eagle on a white background with a red-and-gold crescent. The existing Slovene tricolor was raised for the first time in history during the Revolution of 1848 by the Slovene Romantic nationalist activist and poet Lovro Toman on 7 April 1848, in Ljubljana, in response to a German flag which was raised on top of Ljubljana Castle.

The civil and state ensign for ships has the same design as the national flag, but a different shape (2:3 instead of 1:2). (Boats up to 24 m use the national flag as an ensign. ) The naval jack uses colours of the coat of arms, a white, blue, and yellow horizontal tricolor.

The white-blue-red Slovenian flag was first exposed on April 7, 1848, on a building between Congress Square and Prešeren Square in Ljubljana, by a group of nationally minded students led by the renowned national conservative activist and poet Lovro Toman. Despite opposition from the local ethnic Germans it was subsequently recognized by the Austrian Government as the official flag of Carniola. This formal recognition, albeit on a regional level, was an exception to the policy of the Austrian Government which tended to persecute national symbols of the non-German nationalities in the Empire. In addition, Austrian authorities saw all tricolours as basically nationalist and potentially revolutionary symbols, so Austrian provinces (as the Empire itself) were only allowed to use bicolours (the only exception being the flag of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia, since it was interpreted to be a combination of the Croatian and Slavonian bicolours). So the official recognition of the Carniolan white-blue-red tricolour instead of the traditional white-blue bicolour was seen as a major achievement by the Slovenes and it quickly became the symbol representing the idea of United Slovenia. In the second half of the 19th century, the Slovenian national tricolour became the only truly all-Slovenian symbol, representing all Slovenes, regardless of the historical region in which they lived.

The tricolour flag continued to be associated with Slovenia during the country's incorporation into Yugoslavia, although officially the whole kingdom including Slovenia had the same flag, in this case, the blue-white-red. In the interwar period, it was also used by the Slovenes of the Julian March that were annexed to Italy, where it was prohibited and persecuted by the fascist regime.

During World War II The Slovene national colours were used both by the Partisan Resistance Movement (usually with a red star in the middle) and by the Slovenian Home Guard, the voluntary anti-Communist militia sponsored and supported by the Nazi German occupation forces.

In 1945 a red star was officially placed on the flag of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, a constituent of the Socialist Yugoslavia.

Following Slovenian independence from Yugoslavia, the red star was removed and the new coat of arms, designed by Marko Pogačnik, was added. The flag was officially adopted on June 27, 1991, following a long and controversial dispute about the coat of arms of the new Republic.

National flag 
Flag of Slovenia

Country - Slovenia

Slovenia (Slovenija ), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS ), is a sovereign state located in southern Central Europe at a crossroads of important European cultural and trade routes. It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest. It covers 20,273 km2 and has a population of 2.07 million. One of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia is a parliamentary republic and a member of the United Nations, of the European Union, and of NATO. The capital and largest city is Ljubljana.

Slovenia has a mostly mountainous terrain with a mainly continental climate, with the exception of the Slovene Littoral, which has a sub-Mediterranean climate, and of the northwest, which has an Alpine climate. Additionally, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Plain meet on the territory of Slovenia. The country, marked by a significant biological diversity, is one of the most water-rich in Europe, with a dense river network, a rich aquifer system, and significant karst underground watercourses. Over half of the territory is covered by forest. The human settlement of Slovenia is dispersed and uneven.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Austria 
  •  Croatia 
  •  Hungary 
  •  Italy 

Language

Flag of Slovenia (English)  Bandiera della Slovenia (Italiano)  Vlag van Slovenië (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Slovénie (Français)  Flagge Sloweniens (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Eslovénia (Português)  Флаг Словении (Русский)  Bandera de Eslovenia (Español)  Flaga Słowenii (Polski)  斯洛文尼亞國旗 (中文)  Sloveniens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Sloveniei (Română)  スロベニアの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Словенії (Українська)  Национално знаме на Словения (Български)  슬로베니아의 국기 (한국어)  Slovenian lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Slovenia (Bahasa Indonesia)  Slovėnijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Sloveniens flag (Dansk)  Slovinská vlajka (Česky)  Slovenya bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Словеније (Српски / Srpski)  Sloveenia lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Slovinska (Slovenčina)  Szlovénia zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Slovenije (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติสโลวีเนีย (ไทย)  Zastava Slovenije (Slovenščina)  Slovēnijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Σλοβενίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Slovenia (Tiếng Việt) 
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