National flag - Flag of Sudan

National flag  >  Flag of Sudan

Flag of Sudan

The current flag of Sudan (علم السودان) was adopted on 20 May 1970 and consists of a horizontal red-white-black tricolour with a green triangle at the hoist. The flag is based on the Arab Liberation Flag shared by Egypt, Iraq, Syria and Yemen that uses a subset of the Pan-Arab colours in which green is less significant. Prior to the 1969 military coup of Gaafar Nimeiry, a blue-yellow-green tricolour design was used.

According to World Flags 101:

"White Flag League"

In 1881, at the beginning of the Mahdist War, the Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad appointed Abdallahi ibn Muhammad as one of his four caliphs (Khalifa) and handed him a black flag. Abdallahi used his black flag to recruit Baggara Arabs and other tribes from the west. The other caliphs used differently coloured flags. The black horizontal stripe in the current Sudanese flag is a reference to this Mahdist-era black flag.

Between 1899 and 1956, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was administered jointly as a condominium by Egypt and the United Kingdom. The condominium did not have its own flag; instead the flag of Egypt and the flag of the United Kingdom were always flown together, with the British flag taking precedence.

A flag did exist as a rank flag for the British Governor General of the Sudan. In common with the rank flags of governors and commissioners of other British overseas territories, it consisted of a Union Flag defaced with a white disk bearing the territory's badge or coat of arms, surrounded by a wreath of laurel. As no badge or coat of arms existed for Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the disk instead contained the words "GOVERNOR GENERAL OF THE SUDAN.

Upon independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom on 1 January 1956, Sudan adopted a blue-yellow-green tricolour as its national flag. This flag remained in use until 1970, when the current flag was adopted. The colours of the flag represented the River Nile (blue), the Sahara (yellow) and farmlands (green). They were chosen as they were neutral between ethnic groups and political parties.

Use of the flag resurfaced during the 2018–2019 Sudanese protests.

National flag 
Flag of Sudan

Country - Sudan

Sudan or the Sudan (, ; السودان as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. It houses 37 million people (2017) and occupies a total area of 1,861,484 square kilometres (718,722 square miles), making it the third-largest country in Africa. Sudan's predominant religion is Islam, and its official languages are Arabic and English. The capital is Khartoum, located at the confluence of the Blue and White Nile. Since 2011, Sudan is the scene of ongoing military conflict in its regions South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

Sudan's history goes back to the Pharaonic period, witnessing the kingdom of Kerma (c. undefined 2500 BC–1500 BC), the subsequent rule of the Egyptian New Kingdom (c. undefined 1500 BC–1070 BC) and the rise of the kingdom of Kush (c. undefined 785 BC–350 AD), which would in turn control Egypt itself for nearly a century. After the fall of Kush the Nubians formed the three Christian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia, with the latter two lasting until around 1500. Between the 14th and 15th centuries much of Sudan was settled by Muslim (But not all Sudanese are considered Arabs). From the 16th–19th centuries, central and eastern Sudan were dominated by the Funj sultanate, while Darfur ruled the west and the Ottomans the far north. This period saw extensive Islamization.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Central African Republic 
  •  Chad 
  •  Eritrea 
  •  Ethiopia 
  •  Libya 
  •  South Sudan 
  •  United Arab Republic 

Language

Flag of Sudan (English)  Bandiera del Sudan (Italiano)  Vlag van Soedan (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Soudan (Français)  Flagge des Sudan (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Sudão (Português)  Флаг Судана (Русский)  Bandera del Sudán (Español)  Flaga Sudanu (Polski)  苏丹国旗 (中文)  Sudans flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Sudanului (Română)  スーダンの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Судану (Українська)  Национално знаме на Судан (Български)  수단의 국기 (한국어)  Sudanin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Sudan (Bahasa Indonesia)  Sudano vėliava (Lietuvių)  Sudans flag (Dansk)  Súdánská vlajka (Česky)  Sudan bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Судана (Српски / Srpski)  Sudaani lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Sudánu (Slovenčina)  Szudán zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Sudana (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติซูดาน (ไทย)  Sudānas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία του Σουδάν (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Sudan (Tiếng Việt) 
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