National flag - Flag of Switzerland

National flag  >  Flag of Switzerland

Flag of Switzerland

The flag of Switzerland displays a white cross in the centre of a square red field. The white cross is known as the Swiss cross (das Schweizerkreuz, la croix suisse, la croce svizzera, la crusch svizra). Its arms are equilateral, and their ratio of length to width is 7:6. The size of the cross in relation to the field was set in 2017 as 5:8.

The white cross has been used as the field sign (attached to the clothing of combattants and to the cantonal war flags in the form of strips of linen) of the Old Swiss Confederacy since its formation in the late 13th or early 14th century. Its symbolism was described by the Swiss Federal Council in 1889 as representing "at the same the Christian cross symbol and the field sign of the Old Confederacy". As a national ensign, it was first used in 1800 during the Hundred Days by general Niklaus Franz von Bachmann, and as regimental flag of all cantonal troops from 1841. The federal coat of arms (eidgenössisches Wappen) was defined in 1815 for the Restored Confederacy as the white-on-red Swiss cross in a heraldic shield. The current design was used together with a cross composed of five squares until 1889, when its dimensions were officially set.

The civil and state ensign of Switzerland, used by Swiss ships, boats and non-governmental bodies, is rectangular in shape and has the more common proportions of 3:2. The Swiss flag is one of only two square sovereign-state flags, the other being the flag of Vatican City. The emblem of the Red Cross is the Swiss flag with switched colours.

According to the 2017 flag law (SR 232.21), "The Swiss flag shows a Swiss cross on a square background". Special provisions are made for the naval ensign and for civil aircraft identification. The Swiss cross is defined as :"a white, upright, free-standing cross depicted against a red background, whose arms, which are all of equal size, are one-sixth longer than they are wide."

Swiss Standard German consistently uses Fahne (cognate with vane) rather than the term Flagge used for national flags in Germany. The name of the flag of the Swiss Confederation is a nominal compound, Schweizerfahne.

While the proportions of the cross have been fixed since 1889, the size of the cross relative to the flag (the width of the margin separating the cross couped from the edge of the flag) had not been officially fixed prior to 2017. The annex to SR 232.21 provides an image specifying that the margin is to be of the same width as the cross arms, so that the total height of the cross is fixed at 20:32 = 5:8 of the height of the flag (in other words, the width of the margin is 6:32 = 3:16). This ratio is also given as a "vexillological recommendation" in the flag regulation used by the Swiss Armed Forces. Flags with a cross of larger relative widths than the prescribed 20:32 = 62.5% remain in wide use; common ratios include 20:26 ≈ 76.9% and 20:28 ≈ 71.4%.

For the ensign, the ratio of the size of the cross to the height is likewise 5:8, so that the ratio of cross to flag width is 5:12.

The shade of red used in the flag was not defined by law prior to 2017. The 2017 flag law specifies the colour of the flag as:

* CMYK 0 / 100 / 100 / 0

* Pantone 485 C / 485 U
National flag 
Flag of Switzerland

Country - Switzerland

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41285 km2 (land area 39997 km2). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.

The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the late medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria and Burgundy. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation; it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815 and did not join the United Nations until 2002. Nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to numerous international organisations, including the second largest UN office. On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association, but notably not part of the European Union, the European Economic Area or the Eurozone. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Austria 
  •  France 
  •  Germany 
  •  Italy 
  •  Liechtenstein 

Language

Flag of Switzerland (English)  Bandiera della Svizzera (Italiano)  Vlag van Zwitserland (Nederlands)  Drapeau et armoiries de la Suisse (Français)  Fahne und Wappen der Schweiz (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Suíça (Português)  Флаг Швейцарии (Русский)  Bandera de Suiza (Español)  Flaga Szwajcarii (Polski)  瑞士国旗 (中文)  Schweiz flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Elveției (Română)  スイスの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Швейцарії (Українська)  Национално знаме на Швейцария (Български)  스위스의 국기 (한국어)  Sveitsin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Swiss (Bahasa Indonesia)  Šveicarijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Schweiz' flag (Dansk)  Švýcarská vlajka (Česky)  İsviçre bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Швајцарске (Српски / Srpski)  Šveitsi lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Švajčiarska (Slovenčina)  Svájc zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Švicarske (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติสวิตเซอร์แลนด์ (ไทย)  Šveices karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Ελβετίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Thụy Sĩ (Tiếng Việt) 
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