National flag - Flag of Syria

National flag  >  Flag of Syria

Flag of Syria

As a result of the ongoing Syrian civil war, there are currently two governments claiming to be the de jure government of Syria, using different flags to represent the state. The incumbent government, led by Bashar al-Assad and the Ba'ath Party, is using the red-white-black United Arab Republic flag in use since 1980; while the Syrian Interim Government, led by the Syrian National Coalition – seeking to overthrow the Assad government – readopted the green-white-black Independence flag in 2012.

The current flag was first adopted in 1958 to represent Syria as part of the United Arab Republic, and was used until 1961. It was readopted in 1980. Since its first adoption, variations of the red-white-black flag have been used in various Arab Unions of Syria with Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Yemen, and Iraq. Although Syria is not part of any Arab state union, the flag of the United Arab Republic was readopted to show Syria's commitment to Arab unity. The usage of the flag has become disputed because it is often associated with the Ba'ath Party and has come to represent parties loyal to Bashar al-Assad's government in the Syrian civil war.

The Syrian flag is described in Article 6 of the Syrian Constitution. The first paragraph of the Article states:

"The flag of the Syrian Arab Republic consists of three colours: red, white and black, with two green stars, of five angles each. The flag is rectangular, with its width measuring two thirds of its length. It is divided into three rectangles of identical dimensions and have the same length as the flag. The upper one is red, the middle being white and the bottom one is black, with the two green stars in the middle of the white rectangle."

- Article 6

The flag is based on the Arab Liberation Flag, which had four colours - black, green, white and red - representing four major dynasties of Arab history: Abbasids, Faṭimids, Umayyads, and Hashimites.

Valid for: and

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During the ongoing civil war, the Syrian opposition, represented by the Syrian National Council, then by the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces (commonly named the Syrian National Coalition) used a modified version of the independence flag first used in 1932 with a 2:3 aspect ratio. The modified independence flag began to be used as a universal display of the protesting opposition in late 2011. The opposition wanted to distinguish themselves from the current Syrian government and favoured the use of the flag used when Syria gained its independence from France. Khaled Kamal, an official from the Syrian National Council, now believes this flag to also represent independence and the end of Bashar al-Assad's government. Today the flag is mainly used in areas controlled by the Syrian National Coalition. The use of the modified independence flag is similar to the Libyan rebels' use of the pre-Gaddafi Libyan flag from the era of the Kingdom of Libya in opposition to Muammar Gaddafi's green flag. The original 1:2 aspect ratio flag has been used by the opposition unofficially on several occasions.

National flag 
Flag of Syria

Country - Syria

Syria (سوريا ), officially the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية ), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turks. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews. Sunni make up the largest religious group in Syria.

Syria is a unitary republic consisting of 14 governorates and is the only country that politically espouses Ba'athism. It is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it has become suspended from the Arab League on November 2011 and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and self-suspended from the Union for the Mediterranean.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Israel 
  •  Jordan 
  •  Lebanon 
  •  Mesopotamia 
  •  Turkey 


Flag of Syria (English)  Bandiera della Siria (Italiano)  Vlag van Syrië (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Syrie (Français)  Flagge Syriens (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Síria (Português)  Флаг Сирии (Русский)  Bandera de Siria (Español)  Flaga Syrii (Polski)  叙利亚国旗 (中文)  Syriens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Siriei (Română)  シリアの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Сирії (Українська)  Национално знаме на Сирия (Български)  시리아의 국기 (한국어)  Syyrian lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Suriah (Bahasa Indonesia)  Sirijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Syriens flag (Dansk)  Syrská vlajka (Česky)  Suriye bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Сирије (Српски / Srpski)  Süüria lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Sýrie (Slovenčina)  Szíria zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Sirije (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติซีเรีย (ไทย)  Σημαία της Συρίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Syria (Tiếng Việt)