National flag - Flag of Ukraine

National flag  >  Flag of Ukraine

Flag of Ukraine

The flag of Ukraine is a banner of two equally sized horizontal bands of blue and yellow (Constitution of Ukraine, Article 20).

Combination of blue and yellow as a symbol of Ukrainian lands comes from the flag of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia used in 12th century. As a national flag, the blue and yellow bicolour has been officially used since the 1848 Spring of Nations when it was hoisted over the Lviv Rathaus. It was officially adopted as a state flag for the first time in 1918 by the short-lived West Ukrainian People's Republic, and subsequently used by the Ukrainian People's Republic. When Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union, the flag was outlawed and before 1949 there was no official state flag until adoption of the red-azure flag of the Ukrainian SSR. People who hoisted the blue-yellow flags in Soviet Ukraine were prosecuted as criminals. The blue and yellow flag was provisionally adopted for official ceremonies in September 1991 following Ukrainian independence, before finally officially being restored on 28 January 1992 by the parliament of Ukraine.

Ukraine has celebrated Flag Day each year on August 23 since 2005.

The Law of Ukraine states that the colours of Ukrainian flag are "blue and yellow", but other state bodies have determined the colours. In the table below the colours are given according to the technical specification DSTU 4512:2006:

There is also criticism in regards to shades. There are specialists who argue that, according to rules of heraldry, the current set of colours cannot coexist. The head of the Ukrainian Heraldry Society has pointed out that it is not heraldry, but rather vexillology, that studies flags.

Article 20 of the Constitution of Ukraine states the following, citing: "the State Flag of Ukraine is a banner of two equally sized horizontal bands of blue and yellow colour." ("Державний Прапор України — стяг із двох рівновеликих горизонтальних смуг синього і жовтого кольорів.").

In addition to the normal horizontal format, many public buildings, such as Verkhovna rada in Ukraine use vertical flags. Most town halls fly their town flag together with the national flag in this way; some town flags in Ukraine exist only in vertical form. The proportions of these vertical flags are not specified. When hung like a banner or draped, the blue band should be on the left, as illustrated. When flown from a vertical flagpole, the blue band must face the mast.

National flag 
Flag of Ukraine

Country - Ukraine

Ukraine (Україна; ), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a country in Eastern Europe. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic. The dominant religions in the country are Eastern Orthodoxy and Greek Catholicism. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603628 km², making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world.

The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire, and finally merged fully into the Russian-dominated Soviet Union in the late 1940s as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1991 Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in the aftermath of its dissolution at the end of the Cold War. Before its independence, Ukraine was typically referred to in English as "The Ukraine", but most sources have since moved to drop "the" from the name of Ukraine in all uses.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Belarus 
  •  Hungary 
  •  Moldova 
  •  Poland 
  •  Romania 
  •  Russia 
  •  Slovakia 

Language

Flag of Ukraine (English)  Bandiera dell'Ucraina (Italiano)  Vlag van Oekraïne (Nederlands)  Drapeau de l'Ukraine (Français)  Flagge der Ukraine (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Ucrânia (Português)  Флаг Украины (Русский)  Bandera de Ucrania (Español)  Flaga Ukrainy (Polski)  烏克蘭國旗 (中文)  Ukrainas flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Ucrainei (Română)  ウクライナの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор України (Українська)  Национално знаме на Украйна (Български)  우크라이나의 국기 (한국어)  Ukrainan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Ukraina (Bahasa Indonesia)  Ukrainos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Ukraines flag (Dansk)  Ukrajinská vlajka (Česky)  Ukrayna bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Украјине (Српски / Srpski)  Ukraina lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Ukrajiny (Slovenčina)  Ukrajna zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Ukrajine (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติยูเครน (ไทย)  Ukrainas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Ουκρανίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Ukraina (Tiếng Việt) 
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