National flag - Flag of the Solomon Islands

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Flag of the Solomon Islands

The flag of the Solomon Islands consists of a thin yellow diagonal stripe divided diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner, with a blue upper triangle and green lower triangle, and the canton charged with five white stars. Adopted in 1977 to replace the British Blue Ensign defaced with the arms of the protectorate, it has been the flag of the Solomon Islands since 18 November of that year, eight months before the country gained independence. Although the number of provinces has since increased, the number of stars on the flag that originally represented them remained unchanged.

The Germans and the British agreed to partition the modern-day Solomon Islands in 1886, with the latter taking control of the southern section. Seven years later, in 1893, they declared this area a protectorate within their colonial empire. At the turn of the 20th century, Germany subsequently gave up their northern part to the United Kingdom in exchange for the latter's acceptance of German claims over Samoa and areas in Africa. During this time, the Union Jack and the Red Ensign identical to ones used in the UK were instituted, as well as a Blue Ensign defaced with the protectorate's name and the monarch's crown.

A new emblem for the protectorate was introduced in 1947 and featured a red field charged with a black-and-white sea turtle. This was modified only nine years later because the turtle was a motif affiliated with only one of the islands' provinces. The revised version of 1956 saw the shield divided quarterly and displayed a lion, an eagle, a turtle, a frigate bird, and assorted weapons from the region.

In the lead up to independence, a contest was held in 1975 to design a new flag for the future country. One of the submissions contained the nation's coat of arms, while the initial winning design had a blue field with a yellow circle, encompassed with chains and charged with a black frigate bird. However, this was eventually rescinded, since this bird was attributed to only one province as opposed to the entire country. The second winning design included a red field charged with a black elliptical chain at the centre. As explained by the artist, this alluded to the historical practice of blackbirding in the country and the "blood spilt" as a result of it. After it was published in a national newspaper, the design stirred up much debate in the community and it too was scrapped.

Ultimately, the last design was created by a New Zealander teaching at the King George VI School, in the eastern part of the capital Honiara. This was in spite of the fact that preference was supposed to be given to local submissions by Solomon Islanders. The stars stood for the country's provinces and not the Southern Cross, unlike the flags of nearby Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. It was ratified as the new flag of the islands on 18 November 1977, eight months before the country became the final British protectorate to gain independence.

The Independence Day ceremony on 7 July 1978, in Gizo, Western Province – which saw the lowering of the Union Jack and the raising of the new flag – was controversial and led to a confrontation between locals and those from Malaita Province. This was because leaders from the Western Council had unsuccessfully lobbied the government to promise greater devolved powers to the provinces, and some of the province's inhabitants viewed the flag ceremony – which had already been engineered to be as subdued as possible – as a demonstration of "Malaitan dominance" over the Western Province.

The Solomon Islander flag has been utilized as a flag of convenience by foreign merchant vessels since 2012. That year, an Act was adopted by the country's National Parliament approving of its usage in this manner, with the government predicting more than US$500,000 in taxes annually. The transport minister claimed that this would also give local sailors new employment opportunities and expand chances to reap foreign exchange.

National flag 
Flag of the Solomon Islands

Country - Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands is a sovereign state consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of 28400 km2. The country's capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. The country takes its name from the Solomon Islands archipelago, which is a collection of Melanesian islands that also includes the North Solomon Islands (part of Papua New Guinea), but excludes outlying islands, such as Rennell and Bellona, and the Santa Cruz Islands.

The islands have been inhabited for thousands of years. In 1568, the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña was the first European to visit them, naming them the Islas Salomón. Britain defined its area of interest in the Solomon Islands archipelago in June 1893, when Captain Gibson R.N., of, declared the southern Solomon Islands a British protectorate. During World War II, the Solomon Islands campaign (1942–1945) saw fierce fighting between the United States and the Empire of Japan, such as in the Battle of Guadalcanal.

Language

Flag of the Solomon Islands (English)  Bandiera delle Isole Salomone (Italiano)  Vlag van de Salomonseilanden (Nederlands)  Drapeau des Salomon (Français)  Flagge der Salomonen (Deutsch)  Bandeira das Ilhas Salomão (Português)  Флаг Соломоновых Островов (Русский)  Bandera de las Islas Salomón (Español)  Flaga Wysp Salomona (Polski)  索羅門群島國旗 (中文)  Salomonöarnas flagga (Svenska)  ソロモン諸島の国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Соломонових Островів (Українська)  Национално знаме на Соломонови острови (Български)  솔로몬 제도의 국기 (한국어)  Salomonsaarten lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Kepulauan Solomon (Bahasa Indonesia)  Saliamono Salų vėliava (Lietuvių)  Vlajka Šalomounových ostrovů (Česky)  Solomon Adaları bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Соломонових Острва (Српски / Srpski)  Saalomoni Saarte lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Šalamúnových ostrovov (Slovenčina)  A Salamon-szigetek zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Salomonskih Otoka (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติหมู่เกาะโซโลมอน (ไทย)  Σημαία των Νήσων του Σολομώντα (Ελληνικά) 
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