National flag - Flag of Kyrgyzstan

National flag  >  Flag of Kyrgyzstan

Flag of Kyrgyzstan

The flag of Kyrgyzstan consists of a red field charged with a yellow sun that contains a depiction of a yurt (traditional tent). It is actually a depiction of the first thing one sees when waking up in a yurt, namely the construction of the pinnacle of every Kyrgyz yurt with three crisscrossing laths across the circular opening at the top of the yurt. Adopted in 1992, just over seven months after the country's independence was declared, to replace the flag of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR), it has been the flag of the Kyrgyz Republic since that year. Although the colour of the flag is identical to the former Soviet flag, the red is said to be inspired by the pennant lifted by Manas, the country's folk hero.

During the Central Asian revolt of 1916, Kyrgyz rebels were described as wielding white banners during an attack on Prebechakenska.

Under Soviet rule, the Union Republic – coterminous with modern-day Kyrgyzstan – utilized a flag derived from the flag of the Soviet Union and representing Communism, that was adopted in 1953. It declared itself independent on August 31, 1991, approximately four months before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, the Soviet-era flag maintained its status as the national flag for seven months after independence was declared. It was finally replaced by the new design on March 3, 1992.

The colors and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The red field stands for "bravery and valor", and alludes to the purported emblem hoisted by Manas, the national hero of Kyrgyzstan. The sun epitomizes peace and prosperity, while its 40 rays stand for the number of tribes united by Manas to fight against the Mongols, as well as the number of followers he had.

The centre of the sun features a stylized illustration of the roof (tunduk) atop a traditional Kyrgyz tent (yurt) when viewed from the interior. Although these tents are less commonly used today, its incorporation into the flag is meant to symbolize the "origin of life", the "unity of time and space", as well as the people's "hearth and home" and their history.

In recent years, a commission was established to examine proposals to modify the design of the flag. The head of this body observed how it was the object of conflict and disunity, and that the government did not want this national symbol to be the cause of further division in society. This partially stemmed from disagreement over the interpretation of the symbols on the current flag. For instance, modern-day Kyrgyzstan is ethnically diverse, with sizeable minority groups such as the Uzbeks (14.3%) and Dungans (1.1%) living there. These groups were historically conquered by Manas, and hence, the current flag – inspired by his emblem utilized in war – does not sit well with some of them.

The red field has also been the source of much criticism. Some believe that it evokes the nation's tempestuous history, while others are of the opinion that it is a lingering remnant of communism in the country.

National flag 
Flag of Kyrgyzstan

Country - Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan (Кыргызстан Kırğızstan ; Киргизия or Кыргызстан ), officially the Kyrgyz Republic (Кыргыз Республикасы; ), and also known as Kirghizia, is a country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and southwest, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek.

Kyrgyzstan's recorded history spans over 2,000 years, encompassing a variety of cultures and empires. Although geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain, which has helped preserve its ancient culture, Kyrgyzstan has been at the crossroads of several great civilizations as part of the Silk Road and other commercial and cultural routes. Though long inhabited by a succession of independent tribes and clans, Kyrgyzstan has periodically fallen under foreign domination and attained sovereignty as a nation-state only after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  China 
  •  Kazakhstan 
  •  Tajikistan 
  •  Uzbekistan 


Flag of Kyrgyzstan (English)  Bandiera del Kirghizistan (Italiano)  Vlag van Kirgizië (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Kirghizistan (Français)  Flagge Kirgisistans (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Quirguistão (Português)  Флаг Киргизии (Русский)  Bandera de Kirguistán (Español)  Flaga Kirgistanu (Polski)  吉尔吉斯斯坦国旗 (中文)  Kirgizistans flagga (Svenska)  キルギスの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Киргизстану (Українська)  Национално знаме на Киргизстан (Български)  키르기스스탄의 국기 (한국어)  Kirgisian lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Kirgizstan (Bahasa Indonesia)  Kirgizijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Kirgisistans flag (Dansk)  Vlajka Kyrgyzstánu (Česky)  Kırgızistan bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Киргистана (Српски / Srpski)  Kõrgõzstani lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Kirgizska (Slovenčina)  Kirgizisztán zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Kirgistana (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติคีร์กีซสถาน (ไทย)  Σημαία της Κιργιζίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Kyrgyzstan (Tiếng Việt)