National flag - Flag of Luxembourg

National flag  >  Flag of Luxembourg

Flag of Luxembourg

The flag of Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerger Fändel, Flagge Luxemburgs, Drapeau du Luxembourg) consists of three horizontal stripes, red, white and blue, and can be in 1:2 or 3:5 ratio. It was first used between 1845 and 1848 and officially adopted on 1993.

Luxembourg had no flag until 1830, when patriots were urged to display the national colours. The flag was defined as a horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue in 1848, but it was not officially adopted until 1993. The tricolour flag is almost identical to Flag of the Netherlands, except that it is longer and its blue stripe and red stripe are a lighter shade. The red, white, and blue colours were derived from the coat of arms of the House of Luxembourg.

The colours of the flag of Luxembourg were first adopted around 1830 during the Belgian Revolution. They were probably derived from the counts, dukes and later grand-dukes of Luxembourg's coat of arms which in turn was derived from the combination of the dukes of Limbourg's Lion and the supposed striped banner of the early counts of Luxembourg. The three-colored horizontal design was fixed on 12 June 1845.

It took until 1993 before a law was passed regulating the flag of Luxembourg. The same law also prescribed ensign and roundel for aircraft and ships registered in Luxembourg.

One important clarification brought by this law was that the color blue was defined as being a very bright blue, in contrast to the flag of the Netherlands (exactly the same design, but the Dutch flag uses dark blue and a less oblong shape).

The heraldric blazon for the flag is per fess Gules and Azure, a fess Argent.

The red lion is the official ensign for ships registered in Luxembourg. It is used for river and sea shipping, as well as for aviation. This flag is based on the coat of arms of Luxembourg (a banner of arms) and is used as the ensign to avoid the possibility of Luxembourg's ensign being confused for that of the Netherlands. Ten white and blue stripes serve as the field for a red lion with a yellow tongue, claws and crown. The proper ratio for this ensign is 5:7.

The Réglement Grand-Ducal of 27 July 1993 defined the ensign's colours as follows:

The roundel of Luxembourg is seen on the AWACS aircraft used by NATO.

The resemblance of the Luxembourgish flag with the Dutch flag has given rise to a national debate to change it.
National flag 
Flag of Luxembourg

Country - Luxembourg

Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg ; Luxembourg; Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a small landlocked country in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the three official capitals of the European Union (together with Brussels and Strasbourg) and the seat of the European Court of Justice, the highest judicial authority in the EU. Its culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbours, making it essentially a mixture of French and German cultures, as evident by the nation's three official languages: French, German, and the national language, Luxembourgish (sometimes considered a dialect of German). The repeated invasions by Germany, especially in World War II, resulted in the country's strong will for mediation between France and Germany and, among other things, led to the foundation of the European Union.

With an area of 2,586 km2, it is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe. In 2018, Luxembourg had a population of 602,005, which makes it one of the least-populous countries in Europe, but by far the one with the highest population growth rate. Foreigners account for nearly half of Luxembourg's population. As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by Grand Duke Henri and is the world's only remaining grand duchy. Luxembourg is a developed country, with an advanced economy and one of the world's highest GDP (PPP) per capita. The City of Luxembourg with its old quarters and fortifications was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 due to the exceptional preservation of the vast fortifications and the old city.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Belgium 
  •  France 
  •  Germany 


Flag of Luxembourg (English)  Bandiera del Lussemburgo (Italiano)  Vlag van Luxemburg (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Luxembourg (Français)  Flagge Luxemburgs (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Luxemburgo (Português)  Флаг Люксембурга (Русский)  Bandera de Luxemburgo (Español)  Flaga Luksemburga (Polski)  卢森堡国旗 (中文)  Luxemburgs flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Luxemburgului (Română)  ルクセンブルクの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Люксембургу (Українська)  Национално знаме на Люксембург (Български)  룩셈부르크의 국기 (한국어)  Luxemburgin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Luksemburg (Bahasa Indonesia)  Liuksemburgo vėliava (Lietuvių)  Luxembourgs flag (Dansk)  Lucemburská vlajka (Česky)  Lüksemburg bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Луксембурга (Српски / Srpski)  Luksemburgi lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Luxemburska (Slovenčina)  Luxemburg zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Luksemburga (Hrvatski)  Luksemburgas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία του Λουξεμβούργου (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Luxembourg (Tiếng Việt)