National flag - Flag of Spain

National flag  >  Flag of Spain

Flag of Spain

The flag of Spain (Bandera de España), as it is defined in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the middle stripe was defined by the more archaic term of gualda, and hence the popular name rojigualda (red-weld).

The origin of the current flag of Spain is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain. It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán (all projected flags were presented in a drawing which is in the Naval Museum of Madrid). The flag remained marine-focused for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property. During the Peninsular War the flag could also be found on marine regiments fighting inland. Not until 1820 was the first Spanish land unit (The La Princesa Regiment) provided with one and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain made the flag official.

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the color scheme of the flag remained intact, with the exception of the Second Republic period (1931–1939); the only changes centered on the coat of arms.

The present laws and regulations on the Spanish flag are:

* Spanish Constitution of 1978, establishing the national flag:

* Act 39/1981, regulating the use of the flag.

* Royal Decree 441/1981, establishing the detailed technical specifications of the colours of the flag.

* Royal Decree 1511/1977, establishing the Regulations on flags, banners and emblems (Reglamento de Banderas y Estandartes, Guiones, Insignias y Distintivos)

* Royal decree of 19 July 1913 (effective 1 January 1913), abolishing the 5-stripe Spanish merchant flag and establishing the plain bi-colour—the national flag without the shield—as the Spanish merchant flag.

The colours of the flag, as officially defined by the Spanish Royal Decree 441/1981 of 27 February, are:
National flag 
Flag of Spain

Country - Spain

Spain (España ), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

With an area of 505990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Málaga and Bilbao.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Morocco 
  •  Andorra 
  •  France 
  •  Gibraltar 
  •  Portugal 


Flag of Spain (English)  Bandiera della Spagna (Italiano)  Vlag van Spanje (Nederlands)  Drapeau de l'Espagne (Français)  Flagge Spaniens (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Espanha (Português)  Флаг Испании (Русский)  Bandera de España (Español)  Flaga Hiszpanii (Polski)  西班牙国旗 (中文)  Spaniens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Spaniei (Română)  スペインの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Іспанії (Українська)  Национално знаме на Испания (Български)  스페인의 국기 (한국어)  Espanjan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Spanyol (Bahasa Indonesia)  Ispanijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Spaniens flag (Dansk)  Španělská vlajka (Česky)  İspanya bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Шпаније (Српски / Srpski)  Hispaania lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Španielska (Slovenčina)  Spanyolország zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Španjolske (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติสเปน (ไทย)  Spānijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Ισπανίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Tây Ban Nha (Tiếng Việt)