National flag - Flag of the Republic of Ireland

National flag  >  Flag of the Republic of Ireland

Flag of the Republic of Ireland

The national flag of Ireland (bratach na hÉireann) – frequently referred to as the Irish tricolour (trídhathach na hÉireann) – is the national flag and ensign of the Republic of Ireland. The flag itself is a vertical tricolour of green (at the hoist), white and orange. The proportions of the flag are 1:2 (that is to say, flown horizontally, the flag is half as high as it is wide).

Presented as a gift in 1848 to Thomas Francis Meagher from a small group of French women sympathetic to the Irish cause, it was intended to symbolise the inclusion and hoped-for union between Roman Catholics and Protestants, the significance of the colours outlined by Meagher was, ''“The white in the centre signifies a lasting truce between Orange and Green and I trust that beneath its folds the hands of Irish Protestants and Irish Catholics may be clasped in generous and heroic brotherhood.”''

It was not until the Easter Rising of 1916, when it was raised above Dublin's General Post Office by Gearóid O'Sullivan, that the tricolour came to be regarded as the national flag. The flag was adopted by the Irish Republic during the Irish War of Independence (1919–1921). The flag's use was continued by the Irish Free State (1922–1937) and it was later given constitutional status under the 1937 Constitution of Ireland. The tricolour is used by nationalists on both sides of the border as the national flag of the whole island of Ireland since 1916. Thus it is flown by many nationalists in Northern Ireland as well as by the Gaelic Athletic Association.

In relation to the national flag of Ireland, the Constitution of Ireland simply states in Article 7:

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National flag 
Flag of the Republic of Ireland

Country - Ireland

Ireland (Éire ; Ulster-Scots: Airlann ) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Just under 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.
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Language

Flag of the Republic of Ireland (English)  Bandiera dell'Irlanda (Italiano)  Vlag van Ierland (Nederlands)  Drapeau de l'Irlande (Français)  Flagge Irlands (Deutsch)  Bandeira da República da Irlanda (Português)  Флаг Ирландии (Русский)  Bandera de Irlanda (Español)  Flaga Irlandii (Polski)  愛爾蘭國旗 (中文)  Irlands flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Irlandei (Română)  アイルランドの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Ірландії (Українська)  Национално знаме на Република Ирландия (Български)  아일랜드의 국기 (한국어)  Irlannin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Irlandia (Bahasa Indonesia)  Airijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Irlands flag (Dansk)  Irská vlajka (Česky)  İrlanda bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Републике Ирске (Српски / Srpski)  Iirimaa lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Írska (Slovenčina)  Írország zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Irske (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติไอร์แลนด์ (ไทย)  Īrijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Ιρλανδίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Cộng hòa Ireland (Tiếng Việt) 
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