National flag - Flag of Thailand

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Flag of Thailand

The flag of the Kingdom of Thailand (ธงไตรรงค์;, meaning 'tricolour flag') shows five horizontal stripes in the colours red, white, blue, white and red, with the central blue stripe being twice as wide as each of the other four. The design was adopted on 28 September 1917, according to the royal decree issued by Rama VI that year. Since 2016, that day is a national day of importance in Thailand celebrating the nation's flag.

The colours are said to stand for nation-religion-king, an unofficial motto of Thailand, red for the land and people, white for religions and blue for the monarchy, the last having been the auspicious colour of Rama VI. As the king declared war on Germany that July, some note the flag now bore the same colours as those of the UK, France, Russia and the United States.

The Flag Act of BE 2522 (1979) stipulates the design of the national flag as "rectangular in shape with 6 part width and 9 part length, divided into five stripes throughout the length of the flag; with the middle stripe being 2 part wide, of deep blue colour, and the white stripes being 1 part wide next to each side of the deep blue stripes, and the red stripes being 1 part wide next to each side of the white stripes. The National Flag shall also be called the Tri-Rong flag".

The colours of the flag were standardised in an announcement of the Office of the Prime Minister dated 30 September 2017, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of its adoption. It gives recommended values for determining the standard colours of physical cloth flags, defined in the CIELAB colour space under Illuminant D65 as follows (also included are corresponding RGB, HEX, and CMYK values as recommended by the National Science and Technology Development Agency)

The first flag used for Siam was probably a plain red one, first used under King Narai (1656–1688). Naval flags later used different symbols on the red ground—a white chakra (the weapon of the Hindu god Vishnu, which is also used as the symbol of the House of Chakri), or a white elephant inside the chakra.

Officially the first flag was created in 1855 by King Mongkut (Rama IV), showing a white elephant (a royal symbol) on red ground, as the plain coloured flag was not distinct enough for international relations.

In 1916 the flag was changed to show a white elephant in royal regalia. In 1917, the current design, but with the middle colour being the same red as the outer stripe, was defined as the civil ensign. The story goes that during a flood King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) saw the flag hanging upside-down, and to prevent this from happening again created a new flag which was symmetrical. Later in 1917, the middle colour was changed to dark blue, which was similar in tone to indigo, which at the time was regarded as the auspicious colour for Saturday, the day King Vajiravudh was born. According to other sources, the blue colour was also chosen to show solidarity with the Allies of World War I, which also had the colours blue-red-white in their flags.

National flag 
Flag of Thailand

Country - Thailand

Thailand (ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam (สยาม), is a country at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Although nominally a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup in 2014 established a de facto military dictatorship.

Tai peoples migrated from southwestern China to mainland Southeast Asia from the 11th century; the oldest known mention of their presence in the region by the exonym Siamese dates to the 12th century. Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon, the Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as Ngoenyang, the Sukhothai Kingdom, Lan Na and the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which rivaled each other. European contact began in 1511 with a Portuguese diplomatic mission to Ayutthaya, one of the great powers in the region. Ayutthaya reached its peak during cosmopolitan Narai's reign (1656–88), gradually declining thereafter until being ultimately destroyed in 1767 in a war with Burma. Taksin quickly reunified the fragmented territory and established the short-lived Thonburi Kingdom. He was succeeded in 1782 by Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, the first monarch of the Chakri dynasty and founder of the Rattanakosin Kingdom, which lasted into the early 20th century.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Burma 
  •  Khmer Republic 
  •  Laos 
  •  Malaysia 

Language

Flag of Thailand (English)  Bandiera della Thailandia (Italiano)  Vlag van Thailand (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Thaïlande (Français)  Flagge Thailands (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Tailândia (Português)  Флаг Таиланда (Русский)  Bandera de Tailandia (Español)  Flaga Tajlandii (Polski)  泰国国旗 (中文)  Thailands flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Thailandei (Română)  タイの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Таїланду (Українська)  Национално знаме на Тайланд (Български)  태국의 국기 (한국어)  Thaimaan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Thailand (Bahasa Indonesia)  Tailando vėliava (Lietuvių)  Thailands flag (Dansk)  Thajská vlajka (Česky)  Tayland bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Тајланда (Српски / Srpski)  Tai lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Thajska (Slovenčina)  Thaiföld zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Tajlanda (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติไทย (ไทย)  Σημαία της Ταϊλάνδης (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Thái Lan (Tiếng Việt) 
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