Language - Oromo language

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Oromo language

Oromo ( pron. or ) is an Afroasiatic macrolanguage which is primarily composed of four distinct languages: Southern Oromo which includes the Gabra and Sakuye dialects, Eastern Oromo, Orma which includes the Munyo, Orma, Waata/Sanye dialects, and West–Central Oromo. Like Arabic, Oromo is a dialect continuum so language varieties spoken in neighbouring regions differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.

The Oromo languages are spoken in the Horn of Africa. It is the most widely spoken macro-language in the Cushitic language family branch. Forms of Oromo are spoken as a first language by more than 40 million Oromo people and neighbouring peoples in Ethiopia and by an additional half million in parts of northern and eastern Kenya. It is also spoken by smaller numbers of emigrants in other African countries such as South Africa, Libya, Egypt and Sudan.

The native name for the Oromo language is Afaan Oromoo, which translates to "mouth (language) of Oromo" and ``afaan oromoo´´ is an official language in Ethiopia. The hypernym of the term Oromo is Horner from a geopolitical sense, and Cushite from an ethnic sense.

Ethnologue (2015) divides the Oromo macrolanguage into four languages

* Boranaa–Arsii–Gujii Oromo (Southern Oromo, incl. Gabra and Sakuye dialects), ISO code [gax]

* Eastern Oromo (Harar), ISO code [hae]

* Orma (Munyo, Orma, Waata/Sanye), ISO code [orc]

* West–Central Oromo (Western Oromo and Central Oromo, incl. Mecha/Wollega, Raya, Wello(Kemise), Tulema/Shewa) ISO code [gaz]

It is divided into five languages in the ISO 639-3 listing:

* [gax] – Borana–Arsi–Guji–Walagaa Oromo



Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā,, Tigrinya: ኢትዮጵያ, Oromo: Itiyoophiyaa, Somali: Itoobiya), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk, ), is a country in the northeastern part of Africa, popularly known as the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, and Somalia to the east, Sudan to the northwest, South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. With over million inhabitants, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world and the second-most populous nation on the African continent that covers a total area of 1,100,000 km2. Its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa, which lies a few miles west of the East African Rift that splits the country into the Nubian Plate and the Somali Plate.

Some of the oldest skeletal evidence for anatomically modern humans has been found in Ethiopia. It is widely considered as the region from which modern humans first set out for the Middle East and places beyond. According to linguists, the first Afroasiatic-speaking populations settled in the Horn region during the ensuing Neolithic era. Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history. Oral literature tells that the monarchy was founded by the Solomonic dynasty of the Queen of Sheba, under its first king, Menelik I. In the first centuries AD, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire circa 1137. During the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia was one of two nations to retain its sovereignty from long-term colonialism by a European colonial power. Many newly-independent nations on the continent subsequently adopted its flag colors. The country was occupied by Italy in 1936 and became Italian Ethiopia (part of the Italian East Africa) until 1941. Ethiopia was also the first independent member from Africa of the 20th-century League of Nations and the United Nations. In 1974, the Ethiopian monarchy under Haile Selassie was overthrown by the Derg, a communist military government backed by the Soviet Union. In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.


Oromo language (English)  Lingua oromonica (Italiano)  Afaan Oromo (Nederlands)  Oromo (Français)  Oromo (Deutsch)  Língua oromo (Português)  Оромо (Русский)  Idioma oromo (Español)  Język oromo (Polski)  奧羅莫語 (中文)  Oromo (Svenska)  オロモ語 (日本語)  Оромо (Українська)  오로모어 (한국어)  Oromon kieli (Suomi)  Oromų kalba (Lietuvių)  Oromo (Dansk)  Oromština (Česky)  Oromca (Türkçe)  Oromo jezik (Hrvatski)  Tiếng Oromo (Tiếng Việt)