Language - Burmese language

Language  >  Burmese language

Burmese language

The Burmese language (မြန်မာဘာသာ, MLCTS: mranmabhasa, IPA: ) is the Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Myanmar where it is an official language and the language of the Bamar people, the country's principal ethnic group. Although the Constitution of Myanmar officially recognizes the English name of the language as the Myanmar language, most English speakers continue to refer to the language as Burmese, after Burma, the older name for Myanmar. In 2007, it was spoken as a first language by 33 million, primarily the Bamar (Burman) people and related ethnic groups, and as a second language by 10 million, particularly ethnic minorities in Myanmar and neighboring countries.

Burmese is a tonal, pitch-register, and syllable-timed language, largely monosyllabic and analytic, with a subject–object–verb word order. It is a member of the Lolo-Burmese grouping of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The Burmese alphabet is ultimately descended from a Brahmic script, either Kadamba or Pallava.

Burmese belongs to the Southern Burmish branch of the Sino-Tibetan languages. Burmese is the most widely spoken of the non-Sinitic Sino-Tibetan languages. Burmese was the fifth of the Sino-Tibetan languages to develop a writing system, after Chinese characters, the Pyu script, the Tibetan alphabet and the Tangut script.

Country

Burma

Myanmar (English pronunciation below; ), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5876 km forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1930 km along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676578 km2 in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.

Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th century Konbaung dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation. Following a coup d'état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Programme Party.

Language

Burmese language (English)  Lingua birmana (Italiano)  Birmaans (Nederlands)  Birman (Français)  Birmanische Sprache (Deutsch)  Língua birmanesa (Português)  Бирманский язык (Русский)  Idioma birmano (Español)  Język birmański (Polski)  缅甸语 (中文)  Burmesiska (Svenska)  Limba birmană (Română)  ビルマ語 (日本語)  Бірманська мова (Українська)  Бирмански език (Български)  버마어 (한국어)  Burman kieli (Suomi)  Bahasa Myanmar (Bahasa Indonesia)  Mjanmų kalba (Lietuvių)  Barmština (Česky)  Birmanca (Türkçe)  Birma keel (Eesti)  Barmčina (Slovenčina)  Burmai nyelv (Magyar)  ภาษาพม่า (ไทย)  Birmiešu valoda (Latviešu)  Βιρμανική γλώσσα (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Miến Điện (Tiếng Việt) 
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