Language - Hiri Motu language

Language  >  Hiri Motu language

Hiri Motu language

Hiri Motu, also known as Police Motu, Pidgin Motu, or just Hiri, is an official language of Papua New Guinea.

It is a simplified version of Motu, of the Austronesian language family. Although it is strictly neither a pidgin nor a creole, it possesses some features of both language types. Phonological and grammatical differences mean that Hiri Motu is not mutually intelligible with Motu. The languages are lexically very similar, and retain a common, albeit simplified, Austronesian syntactical basis.

Even in the areas where it was once well established as a lingua franca, the use of Hiri Motu has been declining in favour of Tok Pisin and English for many years.

The term Hiri is the name for the traditional trade voyages created an important culture and style of living for the Motu people.

"Hiri Motu" became a common language for a police force known as "Police Motu".

The name Hiri Motu came to be during the early 1970s during a conference held by the Department of Information and Extension Services. During this conference, the committee recommended the name "Hiri Motu" for several reasons.

* The language’s history is older than the name "Police Motu" implies. This was recommended because it was a simplified from the language of the Motu people, which was the language used when they traded goods with their customers.

* Police Motu at the time was never used as a language of trade or social contact. In fact, since the unity of New Guinea Police Force in 1946, "Police Motu" had lost most of its functions in police work. Pidgin was adopted at that time and was used with majority of the police force.

* The committee thought that the new name should have some meaning behind it. Instead of having a language relating to police work, they thought the language should reflect the legacy of the language and how it's used in everyday life.

Country

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea (PNG;, ; Papua Niugini; Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975. This followed nearly 60 years of Australian administration, which started during World War I. It became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1975 with Elizabeth II as its queen. It also became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.

Language

Hiri Motu language (English)  Lingua hiri motu (Italiano)  Hiri Motu (Nederlands)  Hiri motu (Français)  Hiri Motu (Deutsch)  Língua hiri motu (Português)  Хири-моту (Русский)  Hiri motu (Español)  Hiri motu (Polski)  希里摩圖語 (中文)  Hiri motu (Svenska)  Hiri motu (Română)  ヒリモツ語 (日本語)  Гірі-моту (Українська)  Хири моту (Български)  히리 모투 (한국어)  Hiri-motu (Suomi)  Bahasa Hiri Motu (Bahasa Indonesia)  Hiri motu kalba (Lietuvių)  Hiri motu (Dansk)  Hiri motu (Česky)  Хири моту (Српски / Srpski)  Hirimotu keel (Eesti)  Hiri motu nyelv (Magyar)  Hiri Motu jezik (Hrvatski)  ภาษาฮีรีโมตู (ไทย)  Hiri Motu (Tiếng Việt) 
 mapnall@gmail.com