National flag - Flag of Myanmar

National flag  >  Flag of Myanmar

Flag of Myanmar

The current flag of Myanmar (also known as Burma) was adopted on 21 October 2010 to replace the former flag in use since 1974. The new flag was introduced along with implementing changes to the country's name, which were laid out in the 2008 Constitution.

The design of the flag has three horizontal stripes of yellow, green and red with a five-pointed white star in the middle. The three colours of the stripes are meant to symbolise solidarity, peace and tranquility, courage, and decisiveness.

The two flags used by the country immediately prior to the 2010 flag both originated in the Burmese Resistance, which adopted a red flag with a white star when fighting the occupying Japanese forces during World War II.

The flag adopted upon independence from the United Kingdom on 4 January 1948 consisted of a red field with a blue canton. The blue canton was charged with one large white star, representing the union, surrounded by 5 smaller stars representing the main ethnic groups found within the newly independent state. This flag remained in use until January 1974 and has a ratio of 5:9.

The new flag adopted on 3 January 1974 upon the declaration of a socialist republic by Ne Win has a similar ratio as the previous flag and depicted 14 stars, encircling a gear and a rice plant in a blue-coloured canton against a red field. The rice stands for agriculture, the gear represents industry, and the 14 stars represent each of the 14 member states of the Union. The 14-star flag was hung upside down during the 8888 Uprising of 1988 by the protesters as a sign of protest against the military government.

National flag 
Flag of Myanmar

Country - Burma

Myanmar (English pronunciation below; ), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5876 km forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1930 km along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676578 km2 in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.

Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th century Konbaung dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation. Following a coup d'état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Programme Party.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Bangladesh 
  •  China 
  •  India 
  •  Laos 
  •  Thailand 

Language

Flag of Myanmar (English)  Bandiera della Birmania (Italiano)  Vlag van Myanmar (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Birmanie (Français)  Flagge Myanmars (Deutsch)  Bandeira de Mianmar (Português)  Флаг Мьянмы (Русский)  Bandera de Birmania (Español)  Flaga Mjanmy (Polski)  缅甸国旗 (中文)  Burmas flagga (Svenska)  ミャンマーの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор М'янми (Українська)  Национално знаме на Мианмар (Български)  미얀마의 국기 (한국어)  Burman lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Myanmar (Bahasa Indonesia)  Mianmaro vėliava (Lietuvių)  Burmas flag (Dansk)  Myanmarská vlajka (Česky)  Myanmar bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Мјанмара (Српски / Srpski)  Myanmari lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Mjanmarska (Slovenčina)  Mianmar zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Mjanmara (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติพม่า (ไทย)  Σημαία της Μιανμάρ (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Myanmar (Tiếng Việt) 
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